Settlement and Removal – UK and Ireland Genealogy Series

UK and Ireland Series

Created using by Julie Goucher January 2020

In 1662 a law of Settlement and Removal was introduced in England and Wales. This enabled Overseers of the Poor to remove those individuals and families from a parish if they would become a burden on the parish, regardless of there family status.

The local Justice of the Peace undertook an Examination to discover if the individual was entitled to legally settle.

Settlement was typically established by birth, although from 1691, there was an extension to that arrangement, whereby, there were other opportunities for Settlement to be granted, which are outlined below:

  • Marriage with a “native” of the Parish
  • Apprenticeship
  • Employment in the Parish for a full year
  • Contribution to Parish rates or
  • Residence at a property worth at least £10 a year, whichever was the latest.

If none of these could be met, then the Parish Overseers were compelled to return them to the last place of legal settlement.

Those that undertook temporary settlement for work, such as labouring during the harvest would need to provide confirmation to the parish that their parish of settlement would indeed provide for the individual or family.

This process lasted until 1834, though was subject to various amendments prior to 1834. The Office of Parish Overseers was abolished in 1927.

About Julie Goucher

Genealogist, Author, Presenter, native Guildfordian, avid note taker and journal writer. Lover of Books, Stationery & History; Surnames, Butcher & Orlando One-Name Studies. Pharos Tutor for all One-Name Studies/surname courses as well as Researching Ancestors from Continental Europe.
This entry was posted in England, Genealogy, UK & Ireland (Eire) Genealogy Series, Wales. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.