A-Z Challenge 2021 – All about Surnames – M is for Methodology of a One-Name Study & Surname Research

A2Z [2021] BADGE

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The Seven Pillars of a One-Name Study is a book that published by the Guild of One-Name Studies in 2012.  The book provides guidance of how to proceed with a study. Given the book is a decade old, it is a little dated and there is perhaps a reviewed sense of member benefits, and some elements that are worthy of consideration before focusing on the pillars.

7 steps

Image created by Melody McKay Burton for Guild of One-Name Study 2019 from Surname Research Guide

Whilst the title suggests that the pillars or steps are linear, they are more of a continuum, as this revised illustration hopes to portray.

The beginning of a study, tends to focus on what is called collect, but I prefer to refer to it as gather. It is not necessarily correct that this has to be the starting point, and it may well be that other factors present themselves meaning that the focus shifts from gather to analysis for example.

There is some overlap on several of these, in particular the last four. Communicate was originally referred to as respond, and linked to the responsibility of responding to all enquiries. Instead, communicate references the other ways people might contact a study, which includes social media. 

Developing a process of working through data, adding to software as well as looking at analysis and synthesis of that data. Encouragement is given to maintaining a research log, and to do lists. There is not a huge amount of process, but I do appreciate that it might appear that way when you first undertake a study, which also includes time management, citations and sources.

I have written about this previously, you can find those articles HERE and a number of these elements, along with examples can be found in the Introduction of One-Name Studies course.

Posted in A-Z Challenge 2021 - All About Surnames, Genealogy, Introduction to One-Name Studies (Pharos course 901), One-Name Studies | Leave a comment

FHF Really Useful Show – Treasures of the Archives #ReallyUsefulShow

Treasures of the Archives (FFHS)On Saturday, I gave two instalments of the workshop, Treasures of the Archives at the FHF Really Useful Show, hosted by the Family History Federation.

To deliver the sessions, I adopted the method of a small presentation, of around 30 minutes followed by questions from the participants and then lastly with questions from the observers. The live workshops were not recorded, but the handout I provided is available to download from the show website whilst the link to this workshop is available. The handout also remains available on the Downloadable Document section of this site. The presentation and handout is copyrighted to myself, and researchers are able to download the handout for their own personal use. 

As I sat and scoped out the presentation there was much more material collated than I used and I have decided that I will feature some of the sites and the topic from time to time; with these posts being found HERE.

Posted in Genealogy, Presentations, Treasures of the Archives Series | 1 Comment

FHF Really Useful Show – Treasures of the Archives #ReallyUsefulShow

I was delighted to be asked to facilitate a workshop, Treasures of the Archives for Family Historians, at this online event hosted by the Family History Federation. There is a super array of lectures and workshops, plus virtual exhibitor stands.

I understand that there is no more participant spots, but there are observer spots available. It is still possible to purchase a ticket, and £10 is excellent value for such virtual event.

Whether you are a participant of an observer, there is plenty of time for questions and there will be a handout available.

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A-Z Challenge 2021 – All about Surnames – H is for How do I……

A2Z [2021] BADGE

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The overriding questions of doing a one-name study are typically How do I….:

  • Keep a One-Name Study?
  • Begin a One-Name Study?
  • Respond to enquiries?
  • Write a profile page?
  • …….

There are a number of other questions too and I find that Guild members are amongst the most knowledgeable genealogists who freely share their experiences, knowledge and expertise, and their time.

The Pharos One-Name Studies courses :

attempt to answer those questions and I encourage members embarking on a study to consider what they are hoping to achieve from their study. I encourage students to ponder on their aims, because it is those aims that might dictate how they should keep their study – an example I frequently use it if you know you want a website, then building a robust study using index cards is not necessarily the best way. I am a firm believer in using the right tools for the job.

I also share that you might not find the best way for your study immediately and that is OK. Over 30 years I have tweaked and adapted my study, methods, approaches and software – none of us choose the perfect options. I recommend that those starting off dabble with their software, entering three or four people that are connected to each other, along with the citations and to consider if the software is intuitive to them. I share my methods, not as a way to do it, but as an example that students can adapt to suit if they wish. There is no such thing as the right way to do a study, there is only your way.

Posted in A-Z Challenge 2021 - All About Surnames, Introduction to One-Name Studies (Pharos course 901), One-Name Studies | Leave a comment

A-Z Challenge 2021 – All about Surnames – G is for Reasons to be Global,1,2,3….

A2Z [2021] BADGE

Image designed and made available by http://www.a-to-zchallenge.com/

The Guild of One-Name Studies has the requirement that all registered surnames should be researched globally. That is a big commitment, but the requirement is a just one as the following will show. There is no expectation on how soon your study will be global, just that it will be, at some point.

  1. With so much migration across the globe due to: 
    1. Empires spreading, and leading to better & different opportunities.
    2. Fleeing Europe due to war and persecution etc
    3. Wanting a better life
  2. These feed into this point: Some families migrated, increased the family size through births overseas, then the whole family returning to the UK. You might establish the increase in the family through a census, but that might not always be possible. Certainly in England and Wales after the 1921 Census, there is going to be limited access – 1931 Census was destroyed during the Second World War, there was no 1941 Census due to the war and the 1951 will not be available until 2052. Therefore the nearest document in the 1939 Register.
  3. Unless your study is global you will not know if you have “everyone”. People were more migratory than we think. Furthermore, not everyone migrated in a straight line. Some deviated from the straight path and that might add to the timeline.

Here are a few examples:

  • ELSTONE & PARSLOW – My Grandmother’s Aunt, Eliza Elstone with her husband Joseph Parslow migrated to Canada. The couple married in 1887 in Surrey. Their first three children were born in Ontario. They returned to England, settled in Woking, raising their children and had an additional child born in Surrey. I have not explored the family sufficiently to identify why they migrated or what made them return to England.
  • WORSHIP & GOUCHER – My husband’s Grandparent, Lilian Worship and Ernest Goucher married in 1920. Ernest had served in the Royal Navy during the first world war and following his marriage he and Lilian, together with their 3 year old Derek, my late father in law headed across the Atlantic to Ontario where Ernest trained sea cadets. They returned to England and settled in the north east of England. The trunk which travelled with them now resides in my loft!
  • ORLANDO & CASTELLI – Salvatore Orlando sailed from Palmero to New York in 1913 leaving his wife Calogera Castelli in Sutera with his daughter, Calogera Orlando who was a new born. Salvatore left Sutera in Sicily, his home town to work and build up a nest egg of savings so he could provide for his family. Sadly in 1919, aged just 6 years little Calogera died. Her father still in the United States. Salvatore did return home as he planned.

Posted in A-Z Challenge 2021 - All About Surnames, Elstone, Genealogy, Goacher/Goucher, One-Name Studies, Orlando One-Name Study, Parslow, Worship One-Name Study | Leave a comment

A-Z Challenge 2021 – All about Surnames – Frugal Surname Research

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The online genealogical arena is overwhelmed with the provisions available to us. Whatever material I share here is a mere fraction of what is available online; and the material that is online is a fraction of the material in existence.

We are limited by our imaginations in the way we use the provisions available and where we look to get a glimmer of information to feed our genealogical habits.

The concept of a One-Name Study, or a surname project is one where the registrant with the Guild of One-Name Studies may choose to gather core material reflecting the name. Having gathered that information, there is no requirement to reconstruct families, though many do, including those with relatively large studies.

Given the registrant is seeking to locate material on a global scale, though there is no time pressures to do so, it can be costly to achieve. Today I have listed a few sites that are worthy of visiting and these are either free, or relatively low cost:

Next month I hope to share some hints and tips for using these sites to advance any research. Those pertaining to UK and Ireland will be found HERE and those relating to Continental Europe will appear HERE.

Posted in A-Z Challenge 2021 - All About Surnames, Genealogy | 3 Comments

A-Z Challenge 2021 – All about Surnames – E is for Ephemera with Surname Research

A2Z [2021] BADGE

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Over the years I have collected “stuff” that has a link to my One-Name studies. I try not to accumulate items that are a hassle to store, but I have caved every now and again! Typically these things are post cards where the recipient had the surname Butcher. Some I have bought, others I have been given. I have an eBay search filter set up for the name. Each day an email plops into my inbox that tells me what material is newly listed, I can then look and plan to schedule a bid.

There is also an eBay filter for the Orlando study and Sutera which is the Commune that my family come from. These add a different dimension to the study and I often use these as a starting point to research further.

As I said, on occasions I have caved or got carried away. I own a lovely selection of Orlando Cherry Brandy bottles. They are  currently living on my dining room windowsill.

Posted in A-Z Challenge 2021 - All About Surnames, Orlando One-Name Study | 1 Comment

A-Z Challenge 2021 – All about Surnames – D is for Delving Deep with Surname Research.

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In some ways the post today builds on the post for A – Advanced One-Name Studies. Today we look at delving deep, not just in depth but also breadth of a topic, adding a new dimension to our research.

In one of the chat sessions that accompanied the Advanced One-Name Studies course, we looked at the usefulness of timelines, which enable us to see what information we have and what information is missing. As part of that discussion we looked at marriages and the legalities of it. Marriage Law for Genealogists written by Rebecca Probert proved on page 110 that marriage could take place with girls at the age of 12 and boys aged 14. In part this was a marriage contract with family lands and assets front and centre of any marriage, not love and happiness – it was business and the ability to be connected with others of the same social standing. 

Generally speaking we research backwards and from a marriage we expect to find a birth around 20-25 years earlier, the same applies to a marriage, we look around about 20-25 years later from a birth, but if the family were of some social standing, or had land or other financial means, then the dates could be out by as much as a decade. I talked about this in more detail HERE.

Later in this series we explore reconstructing families, and whilst some do this for their study, others do not. There is no right or wrong way to develop a study. If you choose not to build families then you likely get a sense of the numbers and you may well focus on other elements for your study.

Whilst I do reconstruct families I do tend to do this for particular counties, some of which stem from my own family – currently I am focusing on the following:

BUTCHER Study – 

  • Surrey and Sussex – Counties in England
  • Suffolk – County in England
  • Perth – Australia
  • Tasmania – Australia
  • British Columbia – Canada

ORLANDO Study – 

  • Sicily – Italy
  • Birmingham – Alabama
  • New Orleans – Louisiana
  • New York – New York State
  • Surrey – County in England

I am also heavily focusing on migration from Italy to other Countries, in particular post Second World War. 

Between 1861 and 1985, 29,036,000 Italians migrated from Italy and Sicily – Source “As fit as a Fish, the English and Italians revealed” by Laura Tosi and Peter Hunt.

I recommend this book, those of us with mixed heritage will likely raise a smile.

Posted in A-Z Challenge 2021 - All About Surnames, Advanced One-Name Studies (Pharos Course 902), Genealogy, Introduction to One-Name Studies (Pharos course 901), Non-British Surnames, One-Name Studies, Practicalities of a One-Name Studies (Pharos Course 903) | Leave a comment

Italian Surname Series – Saia and Saja

Italian Surname Series

Created by Julie Goucher May 2018

One of the tasks in the Introduction to One-Name Studies course is to consider the meanings of the surname of interest, and in some cases there is more than one meaning and more that one country of origin.

Having written about the Saia and Saja surname which appears in my family, I did some long overdue research, which I thought I would share because it illustrates perfectly why it is useful to understand the origins of the Surname and, to understand the culture and history associated with it. Also remember, that in the Italian alphabet there are fewer letters and the letters I and J are interchangeable.

Here is the information relating to Saia:

  • Origin of southern Italy and from a adapted version of the personal (given) name of Isaia (Isaiah) or Osaia (Hosea).
  • The website www.names.org indicates the surname means shadow and is of Pakistani origin
  • The website www.nameyourroots.com indicates the surname maybe of Jewish origin from the Jewish communities of Spain.
  • The website www.nordicnames.de says the surname is a variant of Saija and is of Finnish origin.

Meanwhile the name of Saja is:

  • This surname is recorded in 29 countries across the globe according to Namesepidia, with the name of Arabic origin and means eloquent and pleasant face
  • The website www.names.org indicates the surname means the night is beautiful and quiet. The origins are also listed as Arabic
  • There is also the suggestion that the name is a Muslim boys name
  • The website www.dbs.anumuseum.org.il suggests that the name is a latinised Slovakian name which is a version of the Jewish family name Modriensis, recorded in 1709 with Saja and Lasarus Modriensis. It then goes onto to suggest that it is a Germanised Slovak name formed from Modreiner and Modrainer from 1735 and 1747 respectively.

From reading Forebears.io is appears that the surname of Saja can be found in Indonesia and Poland. There is no earlier demographic information prior to 2014 – the map for SAJA can be found HERE and the map for SAIA can be found HERE also 2014.

The Italian distribution maps from Gens.info show the surnames across Sicily and Italy.

An historical overview of Sicily can be found HERE which explains the influences of many other nations.

Posted in Genealogy, Introduction to One-Name Studies (Pharos course 901), Italian Surname Series, Italy, Non-British Surnames, Saia & Saja, Surnames | Leave a comment

A-Z Challenge 2021 – All about Surnames – C is for Considerations for Surname Research.

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This is my third instalment of the A-Z Challenge 2021. You can visit other participants HERE.  You can follow along my posts HERE.

There are a great many consideration relevant to surname research when you first begin looking at the wider picture of surnames or looking specifically at a particular surname. 

Copyright – Julie Goucher 2021

The image above is from my presentation Pursuing Surnames. It does look quite faint, but beneath the image I list  the various elements. We talk about some of these in the new Pharos Course, Researching Ancestors in Continental Europe (750). You can download a clearer image HERE. The relevance to your surname will vary depending on the origins of the surname.

  • Foundlings and illegitimacy 
  • Naming conventions  – Given name and surnames (Iberian Countries)
  • Religion practiced
  • History of the Country
  • Language
  • Alphabet
  • Dialects
  • DNA
  • Geography
  • Borders
  • Connections to other European Countries and European Empires

Individuals might take name of another family member, a step father or an alias. Or there might be influences of other factors, such as a Detto in the case of Italian surnames. The alphabet is also potentially different. In Italy, there are fewer letter and the letters of I and J are interchangeable, but how interchangeable?  Below is the surname distribution maps for both SAIA and SAJA surnames, created with Gens.info – You can see the most common surname of the two, why is that?

Posted in A-Z Challenge 2021 - All About Surnames, Advanced One-Name Studies (Pharos Course 902), Genealogy, Introduction to One-Name Studies (Pharos course 901), One-Name Studies, Saia & Saja | Leave a comment