Category Archives: European Ancestors

European Ancestors – Portuguese Surnames

Rather similar to Spanish surnames, Portuguese ones are divided into: First names – Nomes Proprios Last names – Apelidos Last names are formed from surnames representing the heritage from both sides of the family. Such as: First names – Jose … Continue reading

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European Ancestors – Regions of Unified Italy

Continuing with the migration of the European Ancestors material. Italy is divided into 20 regions. Those marked with * indicate they have a degree of autonomy and can enable legislation at a local level. The Country is broken down further … Continue reading

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European Ancestors – Spanish Surnames

Continuing with the European Ancestors material. In Spain children typically are given their first name followed by two surnames. The first surname represents their father’s surname and the second represents their mother’s surname. Since 1999, the gender equality laws have … Continue reading

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European Ancestors – Researching in Portugal

The obligation to keep church parish records began on 11 November 1563 following a session of the Council of Trent. There are three distinct phases of that researchers in Portugal should be aware of. Between 16th and the end of … Continue reading

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European Ancestors – Surnames

If you are researching an European surname there is a chance you are capturing every instance of that surname wherever you locate it irrespective of whether it connects to your own family or not. The concept of examining the details … Continue reading

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European Ancestors – Channel Islands

The Channel Islands is made up of five different islands, each one represented by their own flag, as illustrated here. The islands are Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, Sark and Herm. The islands are located in the English Channel close to the Normandy coastline … Continue reading

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European Ancestors – Isle of Man

Most well known as the venue for the TT Motorsport races, the island is located in the North Sea between Great Britain and Ireland The Isle of Man is a British Crown Dependency, which is self governing, however, Britain is … Continue reading

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European Ancestors – Surname Distribution Maps

Surname distribution maps are very helpful in identifying a presence for a surname in a particular country. Below there are a list of Country specific distribution maps. Austria Czech Republic France Germany – Digital dictionary of German surnames Ireland Italy Poland … Continue reading

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European Ancestors – Migration Links Polish in Persia (Iran)

From 1942 until the end of the Second World War there was a population 120,000 strong of Polish migrants in Iran, this was part of around 300,000 Poles that had been forced out of their homeland by the Russians and … Continue reading

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European Ancestors – Bulgarian Research

Continuing with the migration of the European Ancestors material. The flag shown here is of Bulgaria since 1990 until the present day. Bulgaria is the oldest state in Europe to have kept its original name since AD681 and most of … Continue reading

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