A-Z Challenge 2021 – All about Surnames – B is for Books and Bibliography

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The online world has provided the potential for books outside of their copyright to be available to researchers. Those providers offering access FREE are:

……. And, there may well be others. If you know of any please do leave a comment.

In the Introduction to One-Name Studies course, we explore the broad topic of the history of surnames. Do those earlier views by scholars of the times remain true today, or has the understanding evolved? If it has evolved, then the evolution is part of the history to, along with any hypothesis or conclusions drawn. Those researching surnames whose origins are not British, may find there are a mix of similarities with British names and some differences. In which case what drives the similarities and differences, and have they too evolved over time?

Material published previously about specific surnames adds to the history of that surname and are a useful addition to the One-Name Study, regardless of not whether it is registered with the Guild of One-Name Studies

Whether or not the books are available as free downloads or are texts still in print and copyright, they very likely contain a bibliography within the confines of the latter pages. Those bibliographies are incredibly useful as they provide opportunities for further considerations and research. One resource worthy of visiting is Modern British Surnames which is hosted by the Guild of One-Name Studies. The resource is the work of a former member, the late Philip Dance, and you can read about it HERE and how the site came to be relocated. Part of that resource is a Bibliography which can be found HERE. Whilst the title of the site is Modern British Surnames, it does contain information and resource relating the globalisation of surnames.

The online providers linked above, provide opportunities for site users to create accounts, enabling the creation of some form of book collections. To access the Hathi Trust you generally need to be registered with a partnered organisation. If that is not possible, you can sign up as a Friend of the University of Michigan, which is offered FREE of charge and having done so you can login to the books available. You can create collections and make the collections public or private as you wish.  To register as a friend of the University of Michigan click HERE (this is available to all, not just those in the United States).  I am in the process of adding material to my collections which can be found HERE and I will add the link to this site (either under Surname Research or Links) so stay tuned for details!

Posted in A-Z Challenge 2021 - All About Surnames, Genealogical Resources, Genealogy, Introduction to One-Name Studies (Pharos course 901), One-Name Studies | 5 Comments

A-Z Challenge 2021 – All about Surnames – A is for Advanced One-Name Studies

A2Z [2021] BADGE

Image designed and made available by http://www.a-to-zchallenge.com/

Advanced One-Name Studies is not something that I have talked much about, so I thought I would delve a little deeper into it as we kick off the #AllAboutSurnames Series.

The Advanced One-Name Studies course builds on the earlier Introduction course and moves into the area of cross discipline research and how that adds another dimension and context to a surname study.

Firstly, we begin with the definition of “advanced” – this could be assumed that it means a study which has been underway for a while, or it could be that a study is already delving deeper into the elements of context. Perhaps a study that has a DNA project, but this could be a DNA project going for a decade or one created in the last few weeks. So it is not enough to have simply ticked a box to say I have this, but that you have whatever is ticked off the list in a more defined way. 

An area of advanced that I have personally been working on involves my ancestor Daniel Butcher, who I have mentioned before., you can read the earlier post HERE. Daniel was born in 1720 in the rural parish of Hascombe, Surrey and baptised in the church at Bramley as the family home was nearer to Bramley church than Hascombe. There is quite a lot of material about Daniel and his family, both the previous generation and once he marries in 1745 in the Sussex parish of Tillington.  That seems perfectly clear, but now we get into muddier water – Daniel we know was 25 years old when he married. The full name of his bride is correct as is the birth of his children, first a daughter in 1761 and then a son in 1775, which I descend from. 

If you were just looking at the timeline, you would be forgiven for thinking that there were several Daniel and Elizabeth’s and I had mixed the children up, but that is not the case, I have the various records which confirm the birth of the children and that is supported further by other documents etc. As I focused on the timeline I became increasingly fixated on not just the details of what I knew to be correct, but on details that I did not have and in some cases would have because the records and information do not exist.

If you read the earlier post you will note that I comment on two things which I consider to be worth exploring (I just need to find the time!):

  1. The age of marriage – we know that Daniel was 25 but we cannot confirm the age of Elizabeth. At the time of the marriage, in 1745 the legal age of marriage was 12 for girls and 14 for boys (source Marriage Law for Genealogists…….by Rebecca Probert)
  2. Early health issues relating to Infertility in the 18th Century – we make an “assumption” that people had children, especially in the age of pre-contraception. That does not necessarily mean that every marriage had children and the reasons may be health related, perhaps infertility caused by a condition that affecting hormonal imbalance. Not forgetting that during this time period there might not have been the awareness of any medical condition existing. There is also the possibility of miscarriage.

These elements are quite interesting and there be some truth in either or both of these. There is more research to do, (isn’t there always?). 

Advanced one-name studies consists of a spectrum of indicators if you will. Not every study will have these within a defined timescale. Indeed, there is no timescale inferred or insisted upon. Another factor is the specific interests of the researcher and the ease of accessing records. There are a few indicators, here are just a few:

  • Objectives of the study
  • DNA Project underway
  • Migration routes are known along with the dates
  • Access to older records such as Manorial Records
  • Background knowledge of the history of surnames within the Country of origin

The Advanced course in One-Name Studies will be taught again in November 2021

Posted in A-Z Challenge 2021 - All About Surnames, Advanced One-Name Studies (Pharos Course 902), Butcher One-Name Study, Genealogy, One-Name Studies, Surnames | 2 Comments

Advanced One-Name Studies Course

Created by Julie Goucher 2018-2019

In November last year I taught the Advanced One-Name Studies course. The course lasts for six weeks, comprises of five lessons and a reading week. Students have the opportunity when signing up for the course to choose the assessed option, with the article assessed by the tutor, which is me.

Students have a window of around two and a half months to complete the article, which can be on any topic related to the surname registered with the Guild of One-Name Studies or being researched.

I was delighted when at the beginning of March my inbox received a series of emails from the students with the articles ready for assessment. They were all marked against the criteria and were equally enjoyable to read. Each one was well researched, pulled together with the originality varying considerably. Each contained citations and a bibliography.

The purpose is not just to write an article for the course, but in doing so, the latter elements of the Seven Pillars, which I have talked about often are met. Publishing material about the study is enabling it to other researchers to be aware of the study and that may very well yield connections and avenues for research.

The published article is a snapshot of research up to a given point. Regardless of that, it is able to be preserved for other researchers in the future.

In my view the students could each use there article as a building block to establish a further body of work. I am not going to share the articles here, doing so without the consent of the students would not be appropriate, but they all did exceedingly well and the grades varied between 80-100%. I am delighted for them.

The Advanced course in One-Name Studies will be taught again in November 2021.

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Census 2021 – #Census2021

I am a firm believer on looking forward, not back which really contradicts the life of a genealogist. The 2021 Census takes place in England and Wales today (Scotland have delayed their Census until 2022) and that has concentrated the thoughts on where and when I appear on a Census from the past and those who appear on those Census with me and are sadly no longer here.

Census 2021 Notice

Census 2021 notice – 2021

On February 21st, the Government circulated a A6 card to each household which said The census is coming. It shared the date and said the completion of the Census was required by law.

Then on 5 March the paper form arrived. The form is addressed to the householder and clearly stated on the front of the form is a household reference number which must be provided to complete the form online.

Continue reading

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A-Z Challenge 2021 – All About Surnames Series

A2Z [2021] BADGE

Image designed and made available by http://www.a-to-zchallenge.com/

In recent years I have taken part in the A-Z Challenge and I thought that I would get back to regular posting by taking part again. Here is how it works. Each day in April, with the exception of Sunday, a post is published. This follows the pattern of 1st April is A and 2nd April is B and so forth.

The theme for 2021 is going to be surname related and I hope does not repeat an earlier instalment! The theme for 2021 is called All About Surnames.

Posted in A-Z Challenge 2021 - All About Surnames, Genealogy, One-Name Studies | 4 Comments

Pharos Courses – Discussions and Shared Learning (#SurnameSeries)

Created by Julie Goucher March 2019 Using WordCloud

One of the most important elements of any learning, whether that is in a classroom or an online environment is the interaction with the tutor and other students.

The Pharos courses are no different in this regard. Each week there is at least a one hour online chat session where students and the tutor can engage with each other. That sharing is just as important as the lessons and exercises. It is about coming together and sharing not just the data or information, but also hints, tips and tricks.

Of course, there are occasions when some students cannot attend the chat sessions, in those instances the transcript, which is available to all students, goes someway to fill the gap. Tutor’s will always try to hold their chat sessions when the majority of students can attend.

Copyright – Julie Goucher 2020

The discussions that take place, either in the chat or in the forum often act as catalysts or provide opportunities to write posts here and in some cases they go a step further and become articles in genealogical magazines, or the Guild journal.

Posted in Advanced One-Name Studies (Pharos Course 902), Genealogy, Introduction to One-Name Studies (Pharos course 901), Non-British Surnames, One-Name Studies, Surname Series 2021 | Leave a comment

Middle Names and Surnames (#SurnameSeries)

I have not written about given names or middle names previously, but often these can provide insight into the history of a family or perhaps the links to family and, or friends.

Many of us have middle names, given to us by our parents. Some have middle names that have been passed down the years and generations, others have names that is a nod to family members or other significant individuals within our families. Others have middle names, that gives us a clue to other individuals.

Here are a few examples:

    • Edith Jelley nee Matthews (1877-1921) Personal Collection of Julie Goucher

      Acknowledging Family Members – My maternal grandmother had the middle name of Edith. She always knew that was a link to her father’s sister, Edith Annie Matthews. Edith was born in 1877 in Rugby Warwickshire. She married in 1902 to Charles Jelley in Guildford Surrey. Edith and Charles moved from Guildford to Reigate and had two children. By 1916 the Country was at war and the family had moved from Surrey to Paddington in London. Charles had returned to military service, having served during the Boer War,  and as I looked through his service record I spotted a birth certificate to a further child, born in 1916 and who sadly died aged 6 months old. Charles returned home having survived the war. Edith died in 1921 aged 44 years. She had outlived her mother by just three years. What is curious, is that my Grandmother was born in 1912, yet she never met her aunt.

    • Bastardy Bond FL569/7/17- Hannah Butcher and John Howes

      Illegitimacy  – In past times there was a formal process to hold father’s to account for their children who were born to women that they were not married too. In this example, Hannah Butcher of the parish of Fakenham Magna in Suffolk has cited the father of her illegitimate child, to be John Howes, gardener of the parish, and as such Howes was required to be apprehended. The Bastardy Bond was dated December 1805. The child was baptised John Howes Butcher. After the baptism, John Howes Butcher dropped the use of Howes and continued to be known as John Butcher. Both the surnames of Butcher and Howes are registered with the Guild of One-Name Studies, Butcher by myself and Howes by Paul Howes. You can view the website for the Howes study HERE.

    • Lewin Bentham Bowring (1824-1910) From the private collection of Julie Goucher

      Family Connections – As I worked on my own family history, I established a connection to Sir John Bowring. Sir John had 9 children, one of whom, was given the name of Lewin Bentham Bowring. Sir John explained in his autobiography that the middle name of Bentham was given to Lewin in recognition of his relationship with Jeremy Bentham who was Lewin’s Godfather. Jeremy Bentham was a philosopher and social reformer and was regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.


Final Words – Middle names that are surnames, provide opportunity for us to explore where that surname links into the families. It is not an except science, but worthy of exploration.

My late mum had a middle name, on the face of it, it was nothing special – the middle name was Joyce, however the name was given to Mum in recognition of the love and respect that my Grandparents felt to someone who was an evacuee during the Second World War. I grew up knowing Joyce and her family. I have talked about the relationship between Joyce and our family previously.

If you take one thing away from this post, let it be that, behind each middle name (and perhaps given name) is a backstory. The linking of one individual to another, whether that is through blood or love. Each one, worthy of exploration.

Posted in Butcher One-Name Study, Genealogy, Given Names & Naming Patterns, Jelley, Naming Patterns & Given Names, One-Name Studies, Research & Resources for Researching Surnames, Surname Series 2021 | Leave a comment

Surname Projects, Lineage Projects and Family History (#SurnameSeries)

Created by Julie Goucher 2 September 2018

This topic has been on my blog post list for well over two years. One of the popular questions I am asked is how a One-Name Study (surname project/surname research) differs from family history and Lineage projects.

For whatever reason, we embark on our Family history. We start usually by examining what material we have in our families, we talk to relatives and begin a pattern of research, perhaps online using one of the data providers or perhaps using FamilySearch. We might research all of our direct line ancestors, some choose to research only the male line, others research sideways, researching siblings and so forth. Some research what I call the top layer – essential dates, birth, marriage and death, others flesh out the bones of those who went before us.

At some point we come across which makes us curious about whatever X, represents. It may well be that you have hit a brick wall, and as a way of trying to overcome that brick wall the approach is to track the surname. Some perhaps come across an unusual surname in their family history and they spend time focusing on that. Some want to initially explore a particular family or group of families in a place, in an attempt to answer the question of what came first, the people with the surname, or the place which became the family name?

The true concept of a One-name study or surname research, is one that tracks a specific surname across the globe and across timespans. If you don’t focus globally then there is a chance you will miss someone. Whilst this sounds a daunting task, it is a project that aligned to a marathon rather than a sprint!

Some studies might start small, and maybe of a limited nature. About 30 years ago I started researching the surname of BUDD. My own family were in Surrey, in particular in the area of Guildford. I researched back, gradually arriving at my 6x great grandfather,  Henry Budd. Henry is recorded in the village of Puttenham, but he did not originate from there. The local curate, a man called Charles Kerry recorded lots of material relating to the villagers, some material was small and perhaps almost insignificant material, yet these were snippets of history, otherwise lost over time.  He also recorded some pedigrees and it was on the Budd and Strudwick pedigree that Henry is identified as being “first of the Budd’s” You can read about the pedigree HERE. The first record if Henry in Puttenham is in 1724 when his daughter, Martha was baptised. He then went on to have another seven children baptised in Puttenham, each of whom went on to have their own families in the village.

I then set out to locate Henry’s birth and marriage. I began by focusing on the  within around 10 miles or so of Guildford.

From the personal collection of Julie Goucher – Guildford & District

Overtime, I gathered quite a lot on the name BUDD, but they were specifically within a geographical area – Surrey, Hampshire and Sussex. I had no intention on going global, unless I followed one of “my” Budd’s from England to another part of the world.

Some researchers though, start out exactly as I did with my BUDD family, except they carry on, from their focus area and expand outwards as they choose. This is a One-Name Study.

A Lineage Society is essentially researching direct descent from an ancestor; ancestry or pedigree; there is a list of some of the Societies HERE. You could think that my research with Henry Budd was an example of this, and perhaps it is, however, what makes it different, is that I have researched the Budd’s which includes some which is not related to me. Usually with Lineage Societies you provide genealogical evidence with sources cited and pay the subscription fee to join.

Are you researching a Lineage, or embarked upon a Surname Project? If so do leave a comment.

Posted in Budd, Genealogy, One-Name Studies, Puttenham & Wanborough, Surname Series 2021 | Leave a comment

Presentation – Researching Displaced People

My next scheduled talk is Researching Displaced People which takes place on Saturday 13 February 2021, at 2pm GMT.  You can read more about the talk on the Society of Genealogists website HERE where you are also able to book to attend the online event.

This is just part of segment from my work on European Ancestors and my new Pharos course, Researching Ancestors in Continental Europe

Posted in Displacement & Resettlement, European Ancestors, Presentations | Leave a comment

Surname Series 2021 (#SurnameSeries)

Copyright – Julie Goucher 2020

For those of you who have been reading this site for a while, you may well recall that when I create posts, especially genealogical ones, that I tend to do so in series format.

The beginning of a new year, means a new surname series; and I generally speaking create a series and post in an orderly fashion.

For this year, I am going to post about surnames in a random format, so if you want to read all the series, then please sign up to receive the posts in your email, or via social media – Facebook or Twitter.

The reason for the change is, having taught all three surname courses last year, there is overlap between them – not a duplication of material, a natural continuum of learning and development. This enables those new to the concept of surname research to move along in a general approach whilst also providing the opportunity for those with experience to hit the pause button on their research, so they can reflect and assess what material they have and consider a new way forward or even to revamp an existing process.

The One-Name Studies (Surname Research)  Courses are listed below in the order they should ideally be taken in, though there is not a problem if you take them in a different order.

The posts for this series will begin in the next day or so. If you want to read previous surname posts then CLICK HERE

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