This post is part of a series about genealogy in France. You can read the complete series HERE.
Acadian is the term given to French settlers, who migrated from primarily the Vendee region of France, and colonised the lands, settling in what is now known as Nova Scotia, where they established prosperous lives as farmers, or fisherman. They Co-existed alongside the indigenous peoples. The Arcadians were though, a target for numerous wars between the French and English.
The term of Arcadians has two reference groups:
- In Canada – Descendants of French speaking descendants of early French settlers in the region known as Acadia
- In USA – Descendants of those who were deported to Louisiana in the 18th Century
Acadians also arrived in the west of Newfoundland and Labrador area from the late 18th Century into the mid 19th Century, mostly from Cape Breton. They were principally farmers, who migrated in family groups taking advantage of the rich soil. Many acquired land at St George’s Bay and Codroy Valley.